History of Tomatoes: How tomatoes spread out all around the world (part 1)

Tomato is a vegetable for food, fruits initially. Young fruit is green, ripening yellow to red. Tomatoes taste slightly sour and is a nutritious food, rich in vitamins C and A, especially rich in lycopeme good for health. Tomato is a perennial in its native habitat, but it is now grown as an annual crop in hot climates.

The origin
Tomatoes originated in South America. Genetic evidence suggests that tomatoes evolved from the common blueberry tree species found in the Peruvian highlands. A species called Solanum lycopersicum is transplanted to Mexico, where it is grown and consumed by the Central American population. The first domesticated tomato could be a yellow fruit, similar to cherry tomatoes, grown by the Aztecs in central Mexico. The word tomato is derived from tomatl in Nahuatl, meaning swollen fruit.
Spanish explorer Cort├ęs may have been the first to ship small yellow tomatoes to Europe after he captured Tenochtitlan’s Aztec city in Mexico in 1521. Christopher Columbus could bring them to Europe sooner but he did not introduce it to society. Pietro Andrea Mattioli, an Italian physician and botanist, named the new fruit hay d’oro or yellow apple.
 The Aztecs and other peoples in the area used tomatoes for their cooking, which was planted in southern Mexico and probably in many other regions around 500 BC. It is thought that the mutation of a small American-originated fruit is the direct ancestor of the current tomato cultivar.
After the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the Spaniards brought tomato varieties to distribute throughout their colonies in the Caribbean. They also brought to the Philippines, from there spread to Southeast Asia and the entire Asian Continent. The Spanish brought the tomatoes to Europe, which grew easily in the Mediterranean climate, where farming began in the year 1540. Tomatoes were used for food as soon as it was available. The first cooking book with a tomato recipe was published in Naples in 1692. Some regions in Italy used tomatoes only for decorative purposes at the table before it was combined with local dishes in the late 17th or early 18th century.

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