The most suitable soil for tomato cultivation

Tomatoes can be grown in any type of soil, preferring those rich in organic matter, irrigation, neutral, draining and medium dough in which they will have the best results.

Basic fertilization:
Make at least 20 days before transplantation and incorporate into the soil of organic fertilizer (mature fermented manure, compost) and / or slow release fertilizers with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in a balanced ratio.
Climatic requirements:
 Adaptable to very variable climate conditions, preferring temperate-warm weather. In winter it is raised in a greenhouse. Temperatures below 5 ° C undermine growth.
How to transplant:
It is to be done in the coolest hours of the day (early or late afternoon). Wipe the pond well before planting on the ground and lightly sprinkle the ground to facilitate curing.
To what extent do the tomato seedlings transplant:
On the row, between one plant and the other, leave 35-40 cm; between files leave 70-80 cm for transit.
Constantly eradicate spontaneous herbs near the cultivated plants. In order to avoid the appearance of weeds, the use of black mulch or straw layers is effective.
For the undetermined, very vigorous growth varieties, arrange the impeller support (string or guard) to which the plant is gradually linked during growth; So the plants will be better exposed to the sun and will also reduce the risk of fungal diseases by contact with the soil. Another practice to carry out for these indefinite varieties is the chalking or branching with the elimination of auxillary sprouts for a more abundant and uniform production. On this type of plant, it is possible to cure the apex after the 4-5th floral stage to reduce the height and anticipate ripening.
We recommend, for better management and water saving, a perforated drip system with a timed solenoid valve to be connected to the faucet. This system allows watering at regular intervals and does not wet the vegetation by reducing phytosanitary issues. Avoid water shortages. Water in the coolest hours preferably in the morning.
Every 7-10 days, the plant contains balanced mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron and magnesium with more microelements or stimulating natural products (bovine blood, algae, etc.). In the growing and ripening phase of fruits prefer a higher potassium ratio
 Favorable is mixed cultivation with celery, parsley, spinach, cabbage, lettuce, chicory, silage, leeks, garlic and green beans.
WARNINGS: It is good that tomatoes do not return to the same soil for at least 3-4 years to avoid parasite proliferation. To avoid its cultivation after eggplant, pepper, potato
For tomatoes preserves coincides with the full red ripening of the berry; For those with green-pink coloring. Approximately 60-80 days are needed to start harvesting from the transplant. Each plant produces from 2 to 5 kg of full-field berries and 4 to 8 kg of greenhouse in a cultivation cycle.
Apical fruit rot due to water imbalances and calcium deficiency, fruit split due to abundant irrigation after a dry period, radical asphyxia for water stagnation. Temperatures above 32 ° C lead to reduced vegetative development and discoloration, poor dressing and berry burns.
To combat parasites ecologically, it is advisable to make leaf sprays with natural products such as vegetable oils, potash soap, nettle extracts, garlic, etc.

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